About Tioman Island 刁曼岛簡介

  Tioman Island (Malay language: Pulau Tioman) is a small island located 32 km off the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia in the state of Pahang, and is some 39 km long and 12 km wide. It has eight main villages, the largest and most populous being Kampung Tekek in the north.

The densely forested island is sparsely inhabited, and is surrounded by numerous coral reefs, making it a popular scuba diving spot. There are also a lot of resorts and chalets around the island, which has duty free status.

Apart from its diverse marine life, Tioman also has an inland rainforest area, encompassing approximately 12,383 hectares, which is a strictly enforced nature reserve.

There are several protected species of mammals on the island, including the Binturong, Long-tailed Macaque, Slow Loris, Black Giant Squirrel, Red Giant Flying Squirrel, Mouse deer, Brush-tailed Porcupine, and Common Palm Civet, some of over 45 species of mammals and 138 species of birds, including the majestic Frigate bird. Moreover, Tioman has species that are endemic to its shores. The soft-shelled turtle and the Tioman walking catfish are both unique and can be seen on rainforest walks.

The island is served by ferries from the Malaysian mainland, and a propeller plane service by Berjaya Air from Changi Airport in Singapore and Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang, Selangor.

History

Tioman has been used for thousands of years by fishermen as an important navigation point and as a source of fresh water and wood. During the past thousand years, it has played host to Chinese, Arab, and European trading ships. Porcelain shards from this era of history can be found on beaches around the island.

In more recent history, Tioman played host to both the British and the Japanese forces during the Second World War, and the waters around the island are littered with war remains (including HMS Repulse and HMS Prince of Wales).
  刁曼岛位于马来西亚半岛东海岸外约30公里处,是火山群岛中最大的一个, 商业开发比较成熟,是马来西亚邻国新加坡人旅游的最爱。这片海水清澈异常,肉眼就可透视到13米深的海底,也是知名的潜水天堂。 刁曼岛由64个小的火山岛组成。刁曼岛上有8个小渔村,村民大都以捕鱼、种橡胶为生。岛上有一种用椰叶做成屋顶的小木屋叫“阿答”。这种小屋虽然简陋,但十分凉快。岛上的主要建筑是酒店,从豪华的皇家大饭店至一般人负担得起的度假别墅,应有尽有。而且酒店多为“米南加保”式的建筑。米南加保是印尼南苏门答腊少数民族的名称。建筑物形如几何形燕尾,并有雕花斗拱,颜色以棕色为主。

刁曼的美,在于许多因素的浑然天成,南中国海清澈的而湛蓝的海水是刁曼让旅客深深爱上她的原因之一。刁曼海水的透明度可以用肉眼看到水深约100公尺的景物,所以不论是老经验的水肺潜水者或是以浮潜初试潜水乐趣的人,都会被其丰富的海洋生态与炫丽的海底世界所迷惑。刁曼岛每年的4~9月期间,由于不受季风的影响,使得海面平静无波,海水分外清澈,是最适合潜水的季节;有着洁白沙摊、被称为蜥蝪岛的Tulai及沙浪(Salang)等地,都是非常受欢迎的潜水地点,而根定海湾则有相当多的软珊瑚。对于没有任何潜水经验的人,当一开始乘着时速高达6、70公里的快艇驰骋在一望无际的碧海中,海风吹得头发与心情齐飞时,其实潜水的兴奋就已经被莫名的挑起,等到了潜水定点,鼓起勇气与水亲近后,见识到刁曼海底无可言喻的美丽时,也许终于可以体会刁曼为何被冠上“世界10大美丽岛屿”的原因了。

刁曼岛的传说
 
刁曼岛―海龙公主的化身。名列前10大美丽岛屿之一的刁曼岛,位于马来半岛东南的南中国海上,以拥有丰富海洋资源、瑰丽美景享誉世界,尤其当《南太平洋》电影一片及Mild Seven广告片选这里为取景之地时,更是加以佐证刁曼岛名不虚传,值得游客前来一游。刁曼岛的原名Tioman并没有特殊的意思,但却有一个美丽的传说伴随着刁曼岛。  

据说从前从前,有一位住在龙宫的美丽公主,为了婚约千里迢迢从中国横渡了南中国海,准备到新加坡与她的王子完成婚礼。在经过了长途的飞行后,公主觉得相当疲倦,所以找了一个中透的岛屿作为当时休憩的地点,这个岛屿温暖的阳光和平静美丽的海水不仅抚慰了公主疲惫的心,也深深地吸引了公主,于是公主决定放弃婚约,在这个岛屿永远居住下来,这个美丽的岛屿就是现今的刁曼岛。岛上的锡穆库山和锡位山两座山峰是她的身躯,山周围的云彩是她呼出的气体。